Baseball in Wartime

Baseball's Greatest Sacrifice


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Purple HeartNational Baseball Hall of FamerWarren Spahn


Date and Place of Birth: April 23, 1921 Buffalo, New York

Died: November 24, 2003 Broken Arrow, Oklahoma
Baseball Experience: Major League
Position: Pitcher
Rank: First Lieutenant
Military Unit: 276th Engineer Combat Battalion, 1159th Engineer Combat Group US Army

Area Served: European Theater of Operations


Warren Spahn, the winningest left-handed pitcher in major league history, received a battlefield commission in 1945.


Warren E Spahn was born in Buffalo, New York on April 23, 1921. He played first base for the Buffalo City Athletic Club and pitched for South Park High School in Buffalo where he lead the team to a series of resounding victories in 1939 and 1940.


The Boston Braves signed the young left-hander for $80 a month in 1940, and after a slow start he posted a 19-6 record with Evansville in 1941, followed by a 17-12 record at Hartford in 1942. His performance was good enough to earn him a late-season promotion to the Braves, and Spahn made four unspectacular appearances for Boston before the season ended.


Spahn entered military service on December 3, 1942. He served with the Army at Camp Chaffee, Arkansas, and pitched for the 1850th Service Unit baseball team. The team’s line-up included catcher Eddie Kearse, future major league pitcher Zeb Eaton, and minor leaguers Ed Sears, Avery Thompson and Elwyn Leatherman. On August 5, 1943, Spahn pitched a 15-0 no-hitter against the KFPW Broadcasters, striking out 17. Only two men reached base – both on errors.


He was sent to Europe in December 1944 with the 1159th Engineer Combat Group's 276th Engineer Combat Battalion. "Let me tell you," Spahn said, "that was a tough bunch of guys. We had people that were let out of prison to go into the service. So those were the people I went overseas with, and they were tough and rough and I had to fit that mold." 


Spahn soon found himself in the heat of battle. "We were surrounded in the Hurtgen Forrest and had to fight our way out of there. Our feet were frozen when we went to sleep and they were frozen when we woke up. We didn't have a bath or change of clothes for weeks."


In March 1945, the 276th were responsible for maintaining the traffic flow across the Ludendorff Bridge at Remagen, the only remaining bridge to span the Rhine. The bridge was under almost constant attack from the Germans who were desperate to stop the flow of Allied forces into Germany. At the same time they were to build a 140-foot Double Bailey bridge nearby. On March 16, Spahn was wounded in the foot by shrapnel while working on the Ludendorff. The following day he had just left the Ludendorff when the entire structure collapsed into the river with the loss of more than 30 US Army engineers. The 276th received the Distinguished Unit Emblem and for his efforts to keep the bridge operating, while under constant enemy fire, Staff Sergeant Spahn received a Purple Heart and a battlefield commission as a second-lieutenant.

After Germany’s surrender in May 1945, First Lieutenant Spahn pitched for the 115th Engineers Group at their base at the University of Heidelberg. In a four-game stretch, he allowed only one run and nine hits while striking out 73 batters.


With the war over, Spahn returned to Boston in 1946 and posted an 8-5 record and solid 2.94 ERA in 24 appearances “Before the war I didn’t have anything that slightly resembled self-confidence,” Spahn told the Associated Press in August 1946. “Then I was tight as a drum and worrying about every pitch. But nowadays I just throw them up without the slightest mental pressure.”


In 1947 he had the first of thirteen 20-win seasons. On September 16, 1960, Spahn pitched the first no-hitter of his career against the Phillies, and the 4-0 win was his 20th of the season. The following year he no-hit the Giants 1-0 on April 28, five days after his 40th birthday. Spahn pitched his last game in the majors for the San Francisco Giants in 1965, aged 44.


Looking back on his military experience some years later, Spahn said, “After what I went through overseas, I never thought of anything I was told to do in baseball as hard work. You get over feeling like that when you spend days on end sleeping in frozen tank tracks in enemy threatened territory. The Army taught me something about challenges and about what’s important and what isn’t. Everything I tackle in baseball and in life I take as a challenge rather than work.”


Interestingly, Spahn returned to military uniform two decades after the war, albeit under extremely different circumstances. In 1963, he appeared in an episode of the television series, "Combat," dressed as a German soldier!


In 1966, Spahn was presented with the Fraternal Order of Eagles' “Major Richard Bong Award” for his WWII service. He was inducted in the Baseball Hall of Fame in 1973.


On November 24, 2003, Warren Spahn passed away peacefully at his home in Broken Arrow, Oklahoma. He was 82.


Created January 13, 2007. Updated February 22, 2009.


Copyright © 2022 Gary Bedingfield (Baseball in Wartime). All Rights Reserved.



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